St. Luke's Images of St. Mary
A catalog of images held to have been created by St. Luke the Evangelist
|Panagia Soumela, Veria, Imathia, Central Macedonia,
Greece. Luke said to have carried icon on travels & (in one
account) to Thebes, whence it was miraculously transported to a cave on
Mt. Mela, Pontos, Turkey, where St. Barnabas and St. Sophronios found it
in 386. Monastery burned 1929; icon found & moved to Greece, 1931; now
in Panagia Soumela Monastery, Veria.
||Agioi_Anargyroi, "The miraculous icon of Panagia
Soumela, and Sts. Barnabas, Sophronios," Aug. 3, 2009, Full of
Grace and Truth, full-of-grace-and-truth.blogspot.com
|Mother of God of Philermos, Cetinje, Montenegro. Icon said
brought from Jerusalem to Rhodes c1000. Knights Hospitallers took it to
Malta in 1522; presented it to Paul I of Russia in 1799. Now in the
National Museum of Montenegro. Dated to 400s.
||"Our Lady of Philerme," The
Sovereign Military and Hospitaller Order of St. John of Jerusalem of
Rhodes and of Malta, www.smom-za.org
|Madonna di Montevergine, Mercogliano, Avellino, Campania,
Italy. Underlying face could be that of original
Hodegetria brought from Jerusalem to Constantinople by Empress Eudocia in
439; said brought to Italy by Baldwin II of Constantinople, its last Latin
emperor, in 1261. Facial medallion donated to mountain shrine by Mary
of Hungary, Queen of Naples, in 1295 & incorporated into a new
painting by Montano d’Arezzo (Gerardo Troncone, "Il Primo Volto di
Maria," Web Ing Av, Sept. 9, 2009, webingav.blogspot.com/2009/09/il-primo-volto-di-maria.html).
||Mario MORRA, "AVELLINO : Santuario
Madonna di Montevergine," Rivista Maria Ausiliatrice 2005-5, www.donbosco-torino.it/ita/Maria
Placido Mario Tropeano, "Santuario di Montevergine
- Madonna," Avellino Magazine, www.avellinomagazine.it
|Madonna del Conforto, Rome, Italy. Contact copy of original Hodegetria, encaustic on canvas, sent to western Emperor Valentinian III at the
birth of his daughter in 439, installed in S. Maria Antiqua, Rome; moved
to S. Maria Nova (now Basilica of S. Francesca Romana) in the 800s;
painted over 1200s, uncovered 1950.
||Gabriella Gherardi, "Roma," La Madonna di S.
Luca ed il suo portico tra storia e leggenda, www.tatarte.it
|Madonna di San Sisto, Rome, Italy. Icon said brought from
Constantinople by 3 brothers on Christ's orders & given to S. Maria in
Tempulo. Moved to S. Sisto 1221, to SS. Domenico e Sisto 1575, to S. Maria
del Rosario a Monte Mario in 1931. Dated to 500s (Gherardi).
||"Mary Mother of God," The Virtual Oratory, www.thevirtualoratory.com/
|Salus Populi Romani, Rome, Italy. Icon said painted on cedar
tabletop made by young Jesus, moved by St. Helena from Jerusalem to
Constantinople or Rome; in S. Maria Maggiore, Rome, where Gregory I is
said to have had it carried through the city in the plague of 593. Underlying layer dated to 600s (Hans Belting, in Wikipedia)
or later; repainted c1200s.
||"The Borghese Chapel," The Papal Basilica of
Santa Maria Maggiore, www.vatican.va/various/basiliche/sm_maggiore
|The Famous One, Saidnaya, Al-Tall, Rif Dimashq, Syria. Icon
said brought from Jerusalem to Saidnaya by Greek pilgrim Theodore, 700s.
Invoked by women of all faiths to conceive. Hidden behind grill in
||"Pictures of the different Shrines of the Holy
Land," Pantokratoras, www.impantokratoros.gr
|Maria Nicopeia, Venice, Italy. Crusaders seized Victory icon
from a Byzantine general's chariot during the Siege of Constantinople in
1203 and brought it to Venice, where it was installed in S. Marco. Dated
||"Basilica San Marco - Nicopeia Madonna," Save
|Mesopanditissa, Venice, Italy. Peacemaker icon said moved
during Iconoclasm from Constantinople to Candia, Crete, where it resided
in St. Titus Cathedral, revered and processed by both Catholics and
Orthodox. Venice ruled Crete from 1204-1669, when Turks vanquished
defenders under Francesco Morosini, who carried the icon to Venice, where
it was installed in S. Maria della Salute. Dated to 1000s.
||"Eventi a Venezia," B&B Romantica
|Santa Maria di Casaluce, Casaluce, Caserta, Campania, Italy.
In 1276, Viceroy Ruggero Sanseverino brought the icon and two jars said to
be those of Cana from Jerusalem to Naples, where Charles I bequeathed them
to his nephew St. Louis of Toulouse, who in turn entrusted them to the
Baron of Casaluce, where the Madonna Bruna's sanctuary has occupied the
castle since the 1300s. Dated to 1000s.
||Salvatore Fusco, "Domani si
celebra la festa di Maria SS. di Casaluce e delle Sacre Idrie,"
posted Jan. 14, 2012 to BLOQ.it, www.bloq.it/wp/2012/01/14/
|Hodegetria of Smolensk, Russia. Icon said written for
Theophilus, Governor of Antioch, later moved to Jerusalem, brought from
Jerusalem to Constantinople in 1046 for the marriage of Anastasia Monomakh
to Vsevolod I of Kiev; moved to Smolensk by Vladimir II
Monomakh (d. 1125); destroyed by fire during German occupation in 1941. Dated
||Sergei Mikhailovich Prokudin-Gorskii (1912), "Chudotvornaia
ikona Bozh'ei Materi-Odigitrii v Uspenskom soborie. [Smolensk],"
Library of Congress, www.loc.gov/pictures/item/
|Santa Maria di Siponto, Manfredonia, Foggia, Apulia, Italy.
Cedarwood icon said brought from Constantinople by St. Laurence in 492
after his relative Emperor Zeno designated him to fill the see of Siponto.
Dated to 1000s.
||manfredonia .net magazine,
|Madonna Advocata, Rome, Italy. In Church of S. Maria in
Aracoeli. Beechwood icon said to have come from Jerusalem, by way of the
Chalkoprateia Church of the Theotokos in Constantinople, to Rome in the
400s. Dated to third quarter of the 1000s.
||"Archivio," Istituto Superiore per la
Conservazione ed il Restauro, iscr.beniculturali.it
|Lukasbild, Freising, Freising, Bavaria, Germany. Icon in
Constantinople 1200s, then in Milan; Bishop Nicholas Della Scala donated
it to Freising Cathedral in 1440. X-ray shows underlying image c1100.
||Vincenzina Krymow, Black Madonna, The Mary Page,
|Beata Vergine di San Luca, Bologna, Italy. In 1160 a Greek
pilgrim gave the icon to Bl. Angelica di Caicle and her companion at their
hermitage on Guardia hill outside Bologna. Underlying Byzantine image
dated to c1100. Repainted c1200.
||"Icona della Beata Vergine di San Luca," Opere
- Direzione Regionale per i Beni Culturali e Paesaggistici dell'Emilia
|Madonna Costantinopolitana, Padua, Italy. Icon said leaped
in 741 from iconoclasts' flames to the arms of a woman who gave it to St.
Urio, who took it from Constantinople to Italy. In 1500s covered with
cloth & repainted. Analysis indicates c1100. In monastery of
Santa Giustina since 1100s.
||"Santi," Abbazia S. Giustina,
|Our Lady of Vladimir, Moscow, Russia. Icon said brought from
Jerusalem to Constantinople in 450; from Constantinople to Vyshgorod, near
Kiev, in 1131; Prince Andrei Bogolubsky moved it to Vladimir in 1155.
After defending Moscow from Tatars, it moved there in 1480. It hung in
Moscow's Church of the Annunciation until 1918, and is now in the
Tretyakov Gallery, which dates it to the early 1100s.
||"Collection — GTG," Tretyakov
State Gallery, www.tretyakovgallery.ru/en/collection
|Mother of God of Mercy, Kykko, Nicosia, Cyprus. Icon said
painted on Tree of Life wood given to Mary by Gabriel; moved to
Constantinople 400s. In thanks for curing his daughter, Byzantine Emperor
Alexius Comnenus (r. 1080-1118) gave it to Isaiah the hermit, who
installed it in the monastery he built at Kykko. Covered since 1576.
||1757 version by Charalambos Kykkotis, HOLY MONASTERY
OF KYKKOS, www.kykkos-museum.cy.net/room3/
|Chrysoroyiatissa, Panagia, Pafos, Cyprus. Icon said thrown
from south Anatolian coast into sea during iconoclasm, floated to Cyprus,
hidden in cave until 1152, when a light guided ascetic Ignatius to it;
after he took it to his hermitage at Kremasti (Rhodes), he moved it to the
present site where he built a shrine and monastery at Mary's
||Original kept covered. Copy (n.d.)
from "Παναγιές της Κύπρου – Madonnas of Cyprus,"
|All-Holy Lady of the Knife, Machairas Monastery, Lazanias,
Nicosia, Cyprus. Machairiotissa icon held to have covered Virgin's relics
at Blachernae in Constantinople; said moved by a hermit to Cyprus in
Iconoclastic period (700s) & found in 1145 by hermits Ignatios and
Neophytos, who cut away brambles with a knife.
|Madonna Avvocata, Rome, Italy. Said brought by nuns from
Constantinople to Rome c750 with relics of St. Gregory Nazianzen and
installed in church of S. Gregorio Nazianzeno in Campo Marzio. Now in
Palazzo Barberini. Dated to mid-1100s.
||"Scuola romana del XII sec. - Madonna Avvocata o
Haghiosoritissa," Sito Ufficiale Galleria Barberini,
|Santa Maria di Maniace, Bronte, Catania, Sicily, Italy,
nursing icon in church of same name in Castello Nelson, said donated by
Byzantine Greek general George Maniakes to commemorate a victory over the
Arabs in 1040. Dated to 1100s.
||"Castello Nelson, la chiesa
(interno)," Bronte Insieme/Monumenti, www.bronteinsieme.it/1mo/duc_ch1.html
|Santa Maria, Impruneta, Chianti, Tuscany, Italy. Painting
said brought to Impruneta by a Roman disciple of St. Peter, St. Romulus of
Fiesole (d. 90); discovered during construction of Catholic church consecrated 1060. Icon
repainted, some date to 1100s.
||"La Chiesa di Santa Maria dell'Impruneta," Impruneta:
fornaci cotto terracotta dell'Impruneta, www.impruneta.com
|Mare de Déu de Montserrat, Monestir de Montserrat,
Barcelona, Catalonia, Spain. Statue said brought from Jerusalem for
safekeeping from Saracens in 718 & found in 890; dated to 1100s.
|| "Amb serra d'or," Pepquímic,
April 27, 2009, pepquimic.wordpress.com
|Nuestra Señora de Guadalupe, Guadalupe, Cáceres,
Extremadura, Spain. Cedar statue said buried with Luke in Turkey, moved to
Constantinople 300s, taken to Rome by Gregory the Great who then sent it
as a gift to the bishop of Seville (500s), hidden during Muslim invasion
(c714), unearthed c1300 on advice of apparition. Dated to 1100s.
||Real Monasterio de Santa María de Guadalupe,
|Madone de Fenestre, Saint-Martin-Vésubie, Alpes-Maritimes,
Provence-Alpes-Côte-d'Azur, France. Cedar statue said brought to
Marseilles by St. Mary Magdalene, to alpine shrine by Templars. Dated
||Gabriella Gherardi, "Madone de Fenestre," La Madonna di S.
Luca ed il suo portico tra storia e leggenda, www.tatarte.it
|Madonna tal-Mellieha, Mellieha, Malta. St. Luke said to have
painted image on cave wall after he and St. Paul shipwrecked on Malta.
Dated to c1200.
||John Scerri, "Troglodytic-Siculo-Norman,"
Churches and Chapels of Malta and Gozo, www.malta-canada.com/churches-chapels/
|Madonna del Popolo, Rome, Italy. In 1231, Pope Gregory
IX moved the icon to this church from the Lateran Sancta Sanctorum.
Usually dated c1200.
||Fabio Piedimonte, "La chiesa di Santa
Maria del Popolo a Roma," I luoghi importanti della mia vita,
|Czarna Madonna, Częstochowa, Silesia, Poland. Icon said
painted from life on tabletop made by young Jesus, brought from Jerusalem to Constantinople by
St. Helena in 326 (or by Empress Eudocia in 439); installed by Lev I of Galicia
at Belz, Ukraine, c1270; and at Częstochowa by Władysław
Opolczyk in 1382.
Underlying encaustic layer dated to c1200.
||Troy Bettinger, "Our Lady of Czestochowa at Jasna
Góra Monastery," Holy Trinity Catholic Church Renovation, May
10, 2008, 2008remodel.wordpress.com
|Madonna della Pace, Venice, Italy. Icon brought from
Constantinople to Venice in 1349, given by Paolo Morosini to Dominicans
1503; moved to Church of SS. Giovanni & Paolo (S. Zanipolo) after
suppression of 1806. Dated to c1200.
||Brian McMorrow, "San Zanipolo Photo Gallery," pbase.com,
|Madonna del Castello, Lentini, Syracuse, Sicily, Italy.
Painting said found on beach 25 mi N of Syracuse in 1240 & carried by
unguided oxen to Lentini. Inscribed "Luke to Lentinians."
Attributed to Italo-Cretan school of 1st half of 1200s ("L'Icona
della Madonna del Castello," Regina Mundi, www.reginamundi.info/icone).
||Posting by Vincent, Aug. 2, 2010,
Benedetti dal Signore: agosto 2010,
|Theotokos of St. Theodore, Kostroma, Kostroma, Russia.
Prince Vasiliy Yaroslavich of Kostroma is said to have found the icon
hanging on an evergreen tree in 1239. Now in Epiphany Orthodox Monastery,
|All-Holy Lady of the Great Cave, Kalavryta, Achaea, West
Greece, Greece. (Megalospilaiotissa). Encaustic icon said brought to Greek
hermitage by Luke & found in cave by shepherdess Euphrosyne; a dragon
appeared & died when she showed it to Sts. Theodore & Simeon, who
founded the monastery there. Dated to 1200s (A. Xyngopoulos).
|Theotòkos, Grottaferrata, Roma, Latium, Italy. Icon in
Basilian monastery established in 1004. Usually dated to 1200s.
||"Arte e Cultura - Icona della Madre di Dio,"
|Nuestra Señora de la Sierra, Cabra, Córdoba, Andalucía,
Spain. Wood polychrome statue said brought by St. Hesychius of Cazorla
(1st century); hidden 714; found 1240. Gothic, 1200s; child added 1700s.
||"septiembre," Capilla de Música -Schola
Cantorum- de Ntra. Sra. de la Asunción y Ángeles. Cabra (Córdoba),
|Madonna di Crea, Serralunga di Crea, Alessandria, Piedmont,
Italy. Cedar statue said brought from Jerusalem in 300s by St. Eusebius of Sardinia.
Variously dated, possibly 1200s.
||1981 postcard view from "La Madonna di Crea in
cartolina," Casale News, July 31, 2010, www.casalenews.it
|Majka Milosti, Trsat, Rijeka, Croatia. Pope Urban V donated
painting of the nursing Mother of Mercy in 1367. Fondazione Zeri classes
it a Veneto-Byzantine work of 1250-1350 (fe.fondazionezeri.unibo.it).
||Darko Tepert, "Datoteka:Gospa Trsatska.jpg," Wikipedija,
|Tikhvin Icon of the Most Holy Theotokos, Tikhvin, Leningrad,
Russia. Said brought in the 400s from Jerusalem to Constantinople, where
it resided in the Blachernae church until 1383, when it disappeared &
reappeared over Lake Ladoga in Russia. Dated c1300.
|Madonna di San Brizio, Orvieto, Terni, Umbria, Italy. Said
by Luke or acheiropoieta, and brought from his native Syria by St. Brictius,
first bishop of Spoleto, who gave it to Orvieto when evangelizing there in
the 300s. Probably a local work c1300.
||"CALENDARIO - articoli &
dossier," Orvieto e circondario in modo non-banale,
|Vierge de Saint Luc, Liège, Wallonia, Belgium. Icon dated
to the early 1300s, retouched in the 1400s and 1930s, said given to Liège
cathedral by emperor Frederick II (d. 1250). Now in the Trésor de Liège
||Georges Weber et al., "L'icône
de la Vierge sous l'œil du cyclotron," Bloc-Notes no. 26,
March 2011, Trésor de la Cathédrale de Liège
|Čajniče Mother of God, Čajniče, Srpska,
Bosnia and Herzegovina. Dexiotrousa given by Stephen Uroš V of Serbia to
Banja Monastery near Priboj, Serbia in thanks for healing; saved when
Turks burned Banja and moved to Čajniče monastery church in
1498. Dated to c1330.
||Maja Radovic, "Nepoznata
istorija," Vesti online, 28-10-2009,
|Unserer Lieben Frau, Regensburg, Bavaria, Germany. Pope
Benedict VIII gave it to emperor Heinrich II on the occasion of his
coronation as Holy Roman Emperor in 1014. Present dexiotrousa in the Alten
Kapelle of the Catholic Stiftskirche dated to 1330.
||Alte-Kapelle Regensburg, www.alte-kapelle.de
|Virgen de los Milagros, Palos de la Frontera, Huelva,
Andalucia, Spain. Alabaster statue said brought to current site by Capt.
Constantino Daniel, on orders of St. Macarius, bishop of Jerusalem, in
331; hidden in sea during Islamic period; caught by fishermen in 1472,
boat brought it to Monastery of La Rábida.
Dated to 1335-50.
||Francisco A. Fernández, "Nuestra
Señora de los Milagros o de la Rábida, s XIV, autor anónimo, estilo
gótico normando francés," Revista Pasos de Fe, 8 Sept. 2012,
|Madonna di Oropa, Oropa, Biella, Piedmont, Italy. Statue said
brought from Jerusalem in 300s by St. Eusebius of Sardinia. Possibly
1300s. For varied dating results, see Giulio Pavignano, "I Santuari
di Biellese," Cultura locale biellese, www.biellaclub.it/_cultura/libri/Santuari-biellese/index.htm.
||Ella Rozett, "Oropa," interfaithMary.com,
|Virgen de la Fuencisla, Segovia, Castile and León,
Spain. Mary stands, gazing pensively at the naked child in her right arm.
In the year 71 St. Hierotheos, legendary disciple of St. Paul and first
bishop of Segovia, is said to have brought the statue found in 1130.
Usually dressed; dated to c1400, restored 2012.
||"La Virgen de la Fuencisla
llega restaurada a Segovia," Segoviaaldia.es - El periódico
audiovisual de Segovia, segoviaaldia.es,
Sept. 17, 2012
Domnului din Manastirea Namaiesti, Valea Mare-Pravăţ, Argeş,
Sud, Romania. Eleusa (Tenderness) icon said brought to Romania by St.
Andrew the Apostle and found by 3 shepherds with Mary's guidance.
Considered 600 years old in 2004, when restoration covered remaining
traces of the Virgin's face with painted cloth ("Restoration of
Virgin and Child Icon," www.franktimis.com.)
||Photo of icon before restoration
(detail) from "Icoana Maicii Domnului de la Manastirea Namaiesti,"
Portal Crestin Ortodox, www.crestinortodox.ro
|Madonna dell'Elemosina, Biancavilla, Catania, Sicily, Italy.
Refugees brought cedar Eleusa from Scutari, Albania to Sicily in 1482.
Probable date early 1400s (Vasile Mutu, www.santamariaelemosina.it/i_iconografia.html).
||Basilica Santuario Maria SS. dell'Elemosina,
|Virgen de los Llanos, Albacete, Albacete, Castile-La Mancha,
Spain. Said brought to Spain by St. James. Found by farmer's plow c1427. Statue remodeled
in 1631 & c1400 heads hidden in body, rediscovered in 1939 during
restoration of image decapitated in Civil War.
|Mother of God Hodegetria, Vilnius, Lithuania. Defeated
emperor Thomas Palaiologos brought the icon from Constantinople to Rome in
1460. His daughter Sophia brought it to Moscow in 1472, when she married
Great Prince Ivan III, and sent it to Vilnius with their daughter Helena
at her marriage to Alexander, King of Lithuania, in 1495. Original now
lost; copy in Holy Spirit Orthodox Monastery, Vilnius.
|Anufiana, Dălhăuţi, Cârligele, Vrancea,
Romania. Said brought from Jerusalem or Constantinople by Romanian monk
Anufie, who built the first shrine at Dălhăuţi c1465.
Sometimes said to date from iconoclastic period. In Church of the Holy
Archangels Michael and Gabriel at Orthodox women's monastery.
||Dumitru Manolache, "Icoana Maicii Domnului
de la Dalhauti, "sora geamana" a "Portaritei" de la
Iviru," Ziarul Lumina, 23 March 2010, www.ziarullumina.ro
|Madonna di San Luca, Bagolino, Brescia, Lombardy, Italy.
Dexiotrousa said brought from Holy Land by crusaders, found in Castello in 1441
& moved to Church of S. Giorgio. Probably a Venetian work c1500 (G.
Panazza, see "Le Chiese," Bagolino,
||"Il Bresciano - Carnevale a Bagolino," ADL
©Atlante Demologico Lombardo, www.demologia.it/brescia
|Madonna Odigitria, Bari, Apulia, Italy. Icon said brought
from Constantinople during iconoclasm of Leo III (717-41). Present image
dated to 1500s. Recent restoration revealed original position of hand on
lap (right), moved up to classic hodigitria position in 1700s.
||Gabriella Gherardi, "La Madonna Odighitria Patrona
di Bari," La Madonna di S.
Luca ed il suo portico tra storia e leggenda, www.tatarte.it
|Mare de Dèu del Miracle, Cocentaina, Alicante, Valencia,
Spain. Panel said given by Pope Nicholas V (d. 1455) to Ximén Perez de
Corella, first Count of Cocentaina, in thanks for military assistance. It
wept during plague of 1520. Sometimes termed a work of the 1500s.
||José Cascant, "Mare de Déu del Miracle," La
Mare de Déu, Sept. 6, 2010, lamarededeu.blogspot.com
|Santa Maria della Stella, Trana, Torino, Piedmont, Italy.
Cedar statue extant in parish church 1510, returned to 1000s rural
sanctuary when it was rebuilt after apparitions of 1768.
||Per Grazie Ricevute, www.pergraziericevute.eu
|Panagia Prousiatissa, Karpenisi, Haryana, Central Greece,
Greece. Icon said moved from Bursa, Turkey in 829 and hidden from
iconoclasts in mountains; found in 840 by shepherd boy drawn by radiance.
Variously dated to middle Byzantine or post-Byzantine period; possibly
substituted after 1517 monastery fire.
|Virgen de la Almudena, Madrid, Spain. Pine statue in
cathedral said carved by St. Nicodemas, painted by St. Luke, brought to
Spain by St. James or his disciple in 38 AD, hidden during Islamic period,
found in 1085 by Alfonso VI in wall of Moorish citadel. Dated to 1500s.
||Joaquin Hernandez, "MADRID
on Flickr," www.flickr.com
|Our Lady of Expectation, Chennai, Kerala, India. Oil-on-wood
"scapular of St. Thomas" said brought to Madras by St. Thomas
the Apostle who wore it as a breastplate. On St. Thomas Mount in Church of
Nossa Senhora da Expectação (1523). First documented 1559. Possibly
||Ishwar Sharan, "The Deccan Chronicle Deceits," The
St Thomas In India History Swindle,
|Virgen de las Huertas, Lorca, Murcia, Spain. Statue
said brought by Alfonso X when conquering Lorca in 1244. Lucan origin no
longer claimed, tradition mentioned by Gálvez Borgoñoz in Mussato
Polihistor, 1734. Original, probably 1700s, destroyed in the Civil
War, replaced by José Sánchez Lozano's copy.
||Pedro Morote, Blasones y
antigüedades de la Ciudad de Lorca, 1741; Agrupación Cultural
Lorquina, Lorca, 1980
|Jerusalem Mother of God, Moscow, Russia. Dexiotrousa said
written 15 years after Christ's ascension; moved to Constantinople in 463;
to Kherson in 988 at baptism of Grand Duke Vladimir, who sent it to
Novgorod when it became Christian; moved to Dormition Cathedral, Kremlin,
Moscow in 1571; stolen by Napoleon's troops in 1812 and taken to
Notre-Dame, Paris. But it isn't there. Replaced by 1701 copy.
||Photo of late 1600s copy in
Izmailovo Protection Cathedral, Moscow, from ХрамПокрова.ру: Святыни, Иерусалимская икона Божьей Матери,
|Three-Handed Mother of God, Hilandar Monastery, Mt.
Macedonia, Greece. St. John of Damascus is said to have given the
dexiotrousa in 730 to
a Jerusalem monastery, which gave it in the 1200s to St. Sava, who took it
to Serbia, whence it escaped miraculously to Mt. Athos in the 1400s when
Turks invaded Serbia. Historical records indicate the icon originated in
Skopje, Macedonia, and moved to Hilandar just before the Turks conquered
Skopje in 1392. The present icon dates from the 1700s (Bojan Miljković, "The history about
the miraculous icons of the Hilandar Monastery," Zograf
||Veljko Guberina, "800 Years of Hilandar," Arhiva
Advokatske Komore Srbije, www.advokatska-komora.co.yu